বিসিএস প্রিলির প্রস্তুতি: গুরুত্বপূর্ণ যেসব English Literature টার্ম জানতে হবে



৩৫তম বিসিএস থেকে বিসিএস প্রিলির সিলেবাসে আলাদা করে ১৫ নম্বর নির্দিষ্ট করা থাকে। আর বিসিএসের বিগত বছরের প্রশ্নগুলো পর্যালোচনা করলে দেখা যায় যে hymn, ballad ইত্যাদি লিটারেচার টার্মের মানে প্রায় প্রতিবারই এসে থাকে।

তাই ইংলিশ লিটারেচারের গুরুত্বপূর্ণ কিছু টার্ম নিয়ে আমাদের আজকের আয়োজন।

ইংলিশ লিটারেচারের গুরুত্বপূর্ণ যত টার্ম:

Alteration – The repetition of the same initial sound, especially the constant sound.

Aphorism – A short phrase that says something true or wise in a clever way.

Ballad - A type of short narrative poem.

Blank verse – having no rhyming end.

Canto – A subdivision of an epic or a narrative poem.

Climax – The highest peak of any narrative work or drama.

Comic papers – Humorous Stories.

Conceit – An exaggerated metaphor or simile.

Dirge – A son expressing Mourning.

Elegy – Song Of lamentation.

Epic – A long poem.

Epilogue – A poem or speech at the end of a play.

Epitaph – Words that are said about dead person.

Eulogy – Speech or written in praise of dead person in the tombstone.

Euphemism – Inoffensive expression.

Fairy tale – folk literature.

Fantasy – An imaginary story.

Hymn – song in praise of god.

Hyperbole – exaggerated statement.

Idyll – a short poem describing simple, rural and pastoral scenes.

Irony – The deliberate use of words whose literal meaning is opposite of the meaning of the speaker or writer intends.

Jargon – A mixture of two or more languages.

Lampoon – A piece of satire against a person.

Limerick – A kind of humorous poem consisting of the live lines.

Lyric – A poem that could be sung.

Melodrama – violent and sensational theme.

Metaphor – A word or phrase used to describe in a way that is different from its natural use.

Ode – A lyric poem, sometimes in the form an address.

Opera – A musical drama.

Parody – imitation of a poem or a writing.

Penny dreadful – blood and thunder tales.

Plagiarism – Act of stealing from the writing of others.

Poet laureate - court poet of England.

Prologue – introduction of a play or literary work.

Prologue – Introduction of a play or literary work.

Protagonist – the leading character in a play or novel.

Rhetoric – the art of persuasive impressive speaking or writing.

Rhyme – short poem in same sound.

Satire – the literary art that uses honor and wit to attack and expose human folly and weakness.

Simile – Similarity between two things is directly expressed.

Sonnet – A poem of fourteen lines.

Thrillers – Sensational Stories.